Business in August was active all across the heat-choked land.

¶ Carloadings for the first week were 2% higher than last August, mainly due to heavy shipments of grain and livestock, and a high volume of export traffic.

¶ The value of U.S. exports including Lend-Lease material for the first half of 1944 was $7.2 billion—a new high.

¶ Department-store sales were 4% over 1943, but merchants were cautious in placing orders for fall goods. The retailers fear: 1) a slump in sales as reconversion forces war workers off high-pay jobs; 2) a buyers'...

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