For a while last week, the long-awaited popular revolt seemed to be rising in Argentina. Opposition groups, disgusted with the militarists led by Colonel Juan Domingo Perón, were getting together under the name of Comando Unico (Single Command). Their aim: to throw out all the barrack-room statesmen, set up a civilian government pledged to hold elections.

Counted on Comando Unico's side were party politicians, exiles in Montevideo, important bodies of troops both in Buenos Aires and the provinces. The Navy steamed into the harbor. Communists, Socialists, Radicals were eager to pour their...

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