Education: Schools and Politics

The typical U. S. public school superintendent tolerates parents, submits to his school board but hates and fears his mayor. To him City Hall represents politics, and he feels much safer if the mayor cannot interfere with his salary, his budget or his educational program. With the cry "Keep politics out of the schools," superintendents, teachers and like-minded citizens have waged an increasingly successful campaign to make schools independent of city governments. Today, in nearly three-quarters of the 191 largest U. S. cities, school boards are elected directly by voters (the rest are appointed by mayors, city councils, judges, State agencies),...

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