Last year the Brazilian Fascist organization of Integralistas tried a spectacular, unsuccessful coup against President Getulio Vargas. Suspicion was high that Germans in Brazil had had a hand in the affair. Dr. Karl Ritter, German Ambassador to Brazil, protested anti-Nazi measures following the uprising and soon after ward the Brazilian Government declared him persona non grata. For retaliation Germany asked that the Brazilian Ambassador to Berlin leave.

Although German-Brazilian trade continued to flourish, Brazil and Germany pouted diplomatically at each other throughout the winter. Italy, Germany's Axis partner, joined the pouting...

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