IRAN: 20th-Century Darius

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No country is more anxious to demonstrate its freedom than Iran, no ruler anywhere is more conscious of his dignity, more jealous of his sovereignty, than His Imperial Majesty Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shah-in-Shah ("King of Kings") of Iran.

This week Iran's 60-year-old, 6-ft., grey-mustached King of Kings celebrates a coronation anniversary. Twelve years ago on April 5, the former Persian Cossack officer, born of middle-class landowners on the shores of the Caspian Sea, placed a specially-made crown of diamonds, emeralds and rubies on his own head.

This week the monarch...

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