On a cold and bitter plain one day last week 28-year-old Henry Pu Yi, last of the Manchus, stood in dragon-embroidered robes, worshipped at the Altar of Heaven, and returning to his small unprepossessing palace became the Emperor Kang Teh (Tranquility-Virtue) of Manchukuo.

Tokyo, which put him on his throne, celebrated the occasion with gusto. There were receptions and banquets. Young men's marching clubs and army reservists tramped through the streets of Tokyo with lanterns. Cried Foreign Minister Koki Hirota: ''Today's happy event was brought about by the will of Heaven and is in perfect accord with the wish of...

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