National Affairs: Gentlemen's Agreement

In consequence of anti-Japanese utterances in the House and the retention of the Japanese Exclusion feature, Section 12 (b) of the Johnson Immigration Bill, Masanao Hanihara, Japanese Ambassador to the U. S., protested to Secretary of State Hughes. The correspondence was notable as eliciting concrete expression of the famous "Gentlemen's Agreement," negotiated by President Roosevelt with the Japanese Government in 1908, in lieu of specific Japanese exclusion legislation.

In an annually outspoken note, the Japanese Ambassador denied the charges that Japan had violated the "Agreement" and declared that Section 12 (b), providing for...

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