The new peasant-born Prime Minister of Rumania, Dr. Juliu Maniu, who has just ousted onetime Dictator Vintila Bratiano (TIME, Nov. 19), took characteristic action, last week, as follows:
¶ Dismissed every one of the notorious 12,000 Secret Police, who won so many elections for the "House of Bratiano by terroristic methods.
¶ Dismissed to their homes all youths who had come up for compulsory military training in 1926.
¶ Ended the "state of siege" and "martial law" which has been maintained since the War in a ring of Rumanian territory 35 miles wide encircling "the country just inside the frontier. But,...