SIEGFRIED SASSOON'S LONG JOURNEY
Edited by Paul Fussell
Oxford; 180 pages; $19.95
The Britons who came of age in the early part of this century had no doubt as to when the world ended: the date of Armageddon was July 1, 1916. A generation suffocated in the poisoned air of France and drowned in the mud of the Somme. On that first day of battle, said a German eyewitness, "the English came walking, as though they were going to the theater or as though they were on a parade ground. We felt they were mad."...