Persian Gulf: The Last Blow

Iran's latest offensive founders

The drive had the Koranic code name Walfajr, for "I swear by the dawn." But Iranian leaders were also calling it "the last blow to Baghdad," and noting that it was timed to mark the fourth anniversary of the Iranian revolution led by Ayatullah Ruhollah Khomeini. Declared Speaker of the Iranian Parliament Hojjatoleslam Hashemi Rafsanjani: "The people expect this offensive to be the final military operation that will determine the destiny of the region."

Last Monday evening thousands of Islamic Guards and volunteer troops, backed by several regular army divisions, swept across a flat plain toward Iraqi positions...

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