El Salvador: Suggest, Persuade, Bargain

A U.S. campaign for change yields a few, but only a few, victories

It was either a bold bid for peace or aclever propaganda ploy. Shadowed by bodyguards in the venerable Mexico City Foreign Correspondents Club, Guillermo Manuel Ungo, 51, president of El Salvador's Democratic Revolutionary Front (F.D.R.), a leftist political alliance that boycotted last March's elections, faced an overflow audience. Alongside was Ana Guadalupe Martínez, a representative of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (F.M.L.N.), the Marxist-led organization that unites the country's five guerrilla factions. Ungo and Martínez announced that their groups had offered to begin unconditional direct negotiations with...

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