Behavior: Polling for Mental Health

A $15 million study shows that one in five has a disorder

Psychiatrists have long assumed that depression is the most common mental problem in the U.S. That assumption is wrong, according to a $15 million six-year survey on psychiatric ailments conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Anxiety disorders, including phobias, panic disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders, are the most widespread, say the survey results, afflicting 13.1 million Americans, or 8.3% of adults 18 years of age and over.

The study, by far the largest and most thorough of the 80-odd major surveys to take the psychic pulse of America since...

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