World: The Shah's New Troubles

Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the deposed Shah of Iran, faced yet another setback in his ill-starred 14-month exile.

On the advice of his international team of physicians, the cancer-ridden Shah, 60, was scheduled to undergo major surgery this week: the removal of an inflamed and enlarged spleen that doctors believe may contain a tumor. The former monarch, whose gall bladder was removed at a New York City hospital last October, suffers from a number of other grave ailments, including anemia, that may be related to B-cell lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system.

The surgeon...