A New Tiff over Trade Sanctions

Congress challenges the President's power to impose embargoes

The use of trade sanctions as a tool of foreign policy has almost invariably stirred up political storms. When Jimmy Carter banned most grain exports to the Soviet Union after its 1979 invasion of Afghanistan, American farmers were outraged, and Ronald Reagan dropped the embargo in 1981. Next year Reagan slapped sanctions on sales of technology and equipment to the Soviets in an effort to slow construction of their natural gas pipeline to Western Europe. But American businessmen and West European governments protested so strongly that the President relented and ended the restrictions...

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