World: Eurocommunism in Defeat

Only two years ago, it was widely feared that the Communist parties of Italy, France and Spain had a real chance of coming to power in tandem with established democratic parties. Loosely united under the rubric of Eurocommunism, these parties shared a set of common principles—autonomy from Moscow, allegiance to the democratic process and support or at least tolerance of the European Community and the NATO Alliance.

In June 1976, at a congress of Eastern and Western European Communist parties in East Berlin, leaders of the three parties flaunted their differences with the Soviet model of socialism, as Leonid Brezhnev stonily...

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