MIDDLE EAST: A Shaky Compromise in Lebanon

After months of fruitless effort to bring peace to strife-ridden Lebanon, Syria last week upped the ante with a massive military intervention in an all-out attempt to enforce a long-elusive Pax Syriana. Instead of calming the situation, the move at first brought Damascus into bloody conflict with its erstwhile ally, the Palestinian guerrilla movement, and forced it into an unwanted, possibly only temporary, compromise in which other Arab states are sending token forces into Lebanon.

By week's end the Syrian initiative seemed to have brought the conflict to a new stage. As...