The World: Bitter Harvest of Civil War

In their desperate, headlong flight, some had waded or swum across the Cunene River into South West Africa (Namibia). Many had made the perilous journey in fishing trawlers down the reef-ridden coast to Walvis Bay. Still others had crossed the desert in broken-down trucks and cars. Then, beginning five months ago, a massive air-and sea-lift returned them to their native country (TIME, Sept. 22). By last week 300,000 of them had arrived in Portugal —os retornados (the returned), the refugees who are the bitter harvest of Angola's civil war.

Fearing anarchy, Portuguese settlers in...

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