MOZAMBIQUE: Countdown to Independence

In Lourengo Marques' city hall square, workmen last week began chipping away at the great stone statue of Mouzinho de Albuquerque, a 19th century Portuguese governor who led a bloody campaign against rebellious blacks in 1895. After 300 years under Portuguese rule, Mozambique is finally becoming independent on June 25, and officials are anxious to remove the more obvious reminders of the country's colonial past before then.

In many ways, the past may be easier to deal with than the future. Since the 1974 Portuguese revolution, when

Lisbon decided to free its African territories, hundreds have died in racial clashes. As...

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