Nation: Three Decades of Conflict

The history of Israel's relationship with its Arab neighbors is one of war, unending distrust and attempts by other nations both to exploit and to end those disputes. The major milestones:

Nov. 29, 1947. After some 65 years of Jewish immigration, greatly accelerated during the era of Nazi persecution, the United Nations General Assembly votes to abolish the 1920 British mandate and partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. The Arabs reject the plan, and civil strife worsens.

May 14, 1948. The British withdraw. The chief Zionist groups proclaim the new state of Israel, occupying 5,500 square miles of Palestine granted them by...

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