Nation: The Operators: Divided

Their homes probably tell as much about the differences among the men who belong to the Bituminous Coal Operators' Association as the bottom lines of their companies' balance sheets. In suburban Pittsburgh, top executives of U.S. Steel, which owns the sixth largest coal company in the country, live in elegant mansions. In Greene County, Pa., the owners of small coal mines may own the biggest houses in town, which are usually simple frame dwellings. In Pikeville, Ky., some owners of mines that suddenly boomed because of the energy crisis have built French provincial-style houses, known locally as Cinderella Castles.

The B.C.O.A.'s 130...

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