Nation: Hateful Ideas

They need protection, too

The First Amendment protects not just the right to advocate love and sunshine, but also the right to advocate racism, sexism and many other obnoxious things. To dramatize that point, the American Library Association, whose members are often in the center of such controversies, produced a film entitled The Speaker. The 42-minute color movie describes a fictional controversy that develops when a high school student committee invites a scientist to explain his belief that blacks are genetically inferior to whites. The speaker, who is never actually seen or heard, is finally banned by...

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