Business: Container Woes in Dockland

More pay for little or no work?

When Marlon Brando starred in On the Waterfront (1954), the morning shape-ups of New York dock workers were pretty much as the movie portrayed them—noisy, brawling scenes of men fighting for the jobs available. No longer. Now longshoremen "badge in" at 7:30 a.m. at local hiring halls by inserting a plastic card into an IBM computer and lounge around for a while. By 9 a.m. the unlucky ones have gone to work; the others can go home to watch TV or moonlight on a second job—and still...

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