Behavior: Black Families: Surviving Slavery

The 1965 Moynihan report was one of the boldest documents on the American race problem—and one of the most divisive. In it Assistant Secretary of Labor Daniel P. Moynihan, now Senator-elect from New York, argued that economic aid alone could not bring equality for blacks in America. His reason: the black family, marked by female-headed households, high illegitimacy and absent fathers, had been destroyed by slavery and left trapped in "a tangle of pathology" that impeded real progress for black Americans.

The report was denounced for a variety of reasons by many angry blacks,...

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