Bicentennial Essay: The Struggle to Stay Healthy

JOHN H. KNOWLES, M.D.

The following Bicentennial Essay is the eighth in a series that has been appearing periodically, surveying how we have changed in our 200 years.

On the eve of the Revolution, there were 2.5 million people in colonial America. Virginian William Byrd wrote, "It was a Place free from those three great Scourges of Mankind —Priests, Lawyers, and Physicians." Divine aid was considered more important than that of the physician. Only through God's grace could one escape disease or survive its attack. In The Angel of Bethesda, the first general treatise on medicine...

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