Medicine: The Nation's Health

How fit are Americans? In its first report on the state of the nation's wellbeing, federal officials last week offered an answer. Titled Health, United States, 1975, a three-volume, 600-page study by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare indicated that the physical condition of Americans had improved significantly in the past generation, but that excessive use of alcohol and tobacco as well as improper diet and lack of exercise are still major causes of disease.

Requested by Congress as a guide for policymakers, the wide-ranging study included these highlights:

> Infant mortality, often...

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