Religion: Counterattack

In the 1960s mainstream Protestants in America were swept up in such social crusades as civil rights and opposition to the Viet Nam War. Since then, however, something of a reaction has set in. Denominations have trimmed their social sails, and many activist preachers have turned inward, emphasizing personal psychological needs.

Theologians too have shifted ground. Some have feared that the swing toward social involvement undercut belief in a God who ultimately transcends the affairs of this world. A year ago, a group of them met in Hartford, Conn., and issued a dramatic "Appeal for Theological Affirmation" (TIME, Feb. 10).

The Hartford group—mostly...

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