Education: Retreat from Integration

To civil rights advocates, the decision of the New York State Board of Regents came as a bitter surprise. Once in the forefront of the drive for school desegregation, the board announced recently that it will no longer consider the racial balance in enrollment to determine if a school is in compliance with state integration laws. Instead, the regents will henceforth require New York schools only to make a "serious effort" to desegregate. The decision, black Regent Kenneth Clark said bluntly, was "a tragic retreat."

Such retreats have become almost commonplace in the North....

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