TANZANIA: Ujamaa's Bitter Harvest

"Democracy is a luxury that we cannot afford. There must be guidance from the top, and it will be in the direction of socialism, for that is the only answer for Africa. " So said President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania 13 years ago on the eve of independence from Britain. Today Tanzania faces economic disaster. After a visit to Tanzania, TIME'S Nairobi bureau chief Lee Griggs sent this report:

At least some of Tanzania's current problems stem from Nyerere's dogged adherence to doctrinaire socialism, particularly in the farming areas where 85% of his 14 million people live. Nyerere still sees...

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