The Press: Shrinking Freedom

The International Press Institute (IPI), the 23-year-old organization founded in Switzerland to protect beleaguered newsmen round the world, has issued its gloomiest annual report. IPI finds the world press in 1974 "under open attack on all fronts."

Here is IPI'S scorecard: In South America, Uruguay, Peru, Brazil all have a muzzled press; Bolivia and Argentina are heading that way; and Chile's newspapers have dwindled from eleven in the days of Allende to five today.

In Africa, the government-controlled press dominates the Ghana scene, but Nigeria has "the freest press in black Africa"; Egypt, where the picture is brighter, has lifted every restriction but...

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