CANADA: Wipe-Out

Trudeau loses a mini-election

Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau celebrated his 59th birthday last week, with many unhappy returns. In a record-breaking 15 by-elections across the country—"mini-elections" in which nearly 1 million voters were involved—Trudeau's Liberals suffered a brutal whipping. The real target of the voters' wrath, clearly, was Trudeau himself.

Rarely, if ever, has a Canadian leader received such a repudiation outside of a general election. The Liberals, who had held seven of the seats that were speckled across seven of the country's ten provinces, managed to hold only two—both in the party's...