NIGERIA: Winning Peace and Prosperity

At the end of the Nigerian civil war four years ago this week, the Ibo people of rebellious Biafra feared that defeat would bring genocidal vengeance from the victorious Nigerian army. Instead, the Ibos are prospering as citizens of a federated Nigeria. The credit goes in large part to the young head of state, Major General Yakubu Gowon, who decreed a policy of "no victor and no vanquished" after the savage civil war that took at least 1,000,000 lives.

"Jack" Gowon, 39, turned his 250,000-man army into a well-disciplined reconstruction corps and put it...

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