People: Jul. 27, 1970

From dawn to dusk, the new hand labored in the parched and infertile fields of Dodoma, the most impoverished province of African Tanzania. Uncomplaining, he hacked at the dry soil with a primitive hoe, guided a plough drawn by oxen, picked ears of maize, ate the local diet and slept in a native hut. Julius Nyerere, 48, Tanzania's President, was making an earnest attempt to measure at first hand the depths of his country's need, and to promote Ujaama (community villages), the self-help principle through which he hopes to assist Tanzania in alleviating...

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