Art: Mountain in Labor

Michelangelo was dead, so in 1916 the United Daughters of the Confederacy hired Gutzon Borglum. All they wanted him to construct at Stone Mountain, an island-size rock five miles round and 825 feet tall near Atlanta, was the world's biggest sculpture: a memorial to the Confederacy.

Borglum had big ideas too. At first, he planned to carve nearly the whole Confederate army on the mountain. He worked on models, and in 1923 was given a $250,000 contract for the first seven figures. But he was thrown off the job in 1925 because his patrons felt he was not working as hard as...

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