DIPLOMACY: Detente and Liberty

It was a clash of historic proportions, and it seemed intractable. In the pursuit of detente, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had long urged enactment of an omnibus trade bill that, among other things, would increase Soviet-American commerce by granting the Soviet Union most-favored-nation status. In the interest of persecuted minorities, Democratic Senator Henry Jackson insisted that Moscow pay a price: it would have to liberalize its emigration policy. Technically the requirement would apply to all Communist countries seeking preferred status as U.S. trade partners;...

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