PORTUGAL: Cheers, Carnations and Problems

One week after the army coup that ousted a dictatorship of almost half a century, Portugal was still in a festive, holiday mood, still celebrating the sudden, surprising gift of freedom. At Portela Airport outside Lisbon, nearly every plane brought in a new group of exiles, many of whom had not been home for years. Red carnations, the popular insignia of the April 25th revolution, sprouted from buttonholes and blouses everywhere.

Though the new ruling military junta had feared trouble on May Day, the day of traditional celebration of workers' solidarity passed without...