Education: The IQ Debate (Contd.)

Blacks as a group consistently score lower than whites on standard IQ tests. That is a fact no one can dispute. But the reason for the discrepancy has become a matter of heated dispute —sparked largely by the widely publicized theories of Psychologist Arthur Jensen and Physicist William Shockley. The two men suggest that genetic factors account for the differences. Others, like University of Pennsylvania Anthropologist Peggy Sanday, insist that the differences are environmental. Last week Sanday buttressed her case by reporting the results of her own study.

Sanday's report, financed by a $61,576 grant from the U.S. Office of Education, is...

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