AFRICA: Decade of Disunity

The Organization of African Unity was founded in lofty (altitude 8,000 ft.) Addis Ababa in 1963 in a mood of high post-independence euphoria. Ethiopia's Emperor Haile Selassie described the O.A.U. as "a single African organization through which Africa's single voice may be heard, within which Africa's problems may be studied and resolved."

Last week in Addis Ababa, representatives of O.A.U.'s 41 member states held their tenth anniversary summit meeting. Only 23 of the 41 heads of state appeared—a disappointing turnout in light of earlier predictions that at least 35 would show. The...

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