by IRENE L.GENDZIER
300 pages. Pantheon. $10.
Frantz Fanon was born an outsider. He lived on the cusp of history, ground between implacable opposites. A black man from Martinique, Fanon grew up in the intensely French and white-oriented prewar culture of that island. Making it there, he went to France to train as a psychiatrist with whites as his patients. Then, in 1953, he moved to Algeria to direct a mental hospital crowded with North African Moslems.
Torn between Freud and Marx, Fanon flung himself into the opening phase of the Algerian revolution...