He never made a campaign speech. His name did not appear on the ballot. Barred from running for the presidency, rebuffed and all but humiliated by the present military regime of General Alejandro Lanusse (TIME, Nov. 27), he waited patiently in Madrid, nearly 7,000 miles away, while the votes were cast and counted. When it was all over, there was no doubt that Juan Domingo Perón, once the fascistic strongman of Latin America, now a weary exile of 77, had been returned to power in Argentina.

Perón's chosen instrument was an obscure politician named Héctor Cámpora, an ex-dentist who...

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