THE PHILIPPINES: Embattled Moslems

When Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos proclaimed martial law last September, one of the world's nastiest conflicts came to an abrupt if temporary halt. That was the four-year struggle between Moslems and Christians in Mindanao and the Sulu Islands in the south, where upwards of 3,000 have been killed, 500,000 injured and made homeless, and hundreds of villages put to the torch. As it turned out, martial law ended one conflict only to create another. Instead of fighting Christian settlers, the Moslems found themselves battling Philippine army troops who came searching for illegal weapons and for the leaders of...

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