AUSTRALIA: The Whitlam Whirlwind

Australia's first Labor Prime Minister in 23 years, Edward Gough Whitlam, 56, last week was off to the most amazing, assertive start of any leader in his country's history. True to a party promise of new initiatives that would rival those of President Franklin Roosevelt's famous 100 days, Whitlam bounded into action on an extraordinary range of issues from conscription to contraceptives—and left his countrymen, who had yawned through much of the election campaign, suddenly agape.

Moving as fast as a bush fire in the Outback, Whitlam had himself sworn into office...

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