Science: The U.S. Nobelmen

Six American scientists last week made a clean sweep of the 1972 Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry. One of them, Physicist John Bardeen, 64, who shared the physics award, became the first person ever to win two Nobel Prizes in the same field; in 1956 he was awarded his first Nobel Prize as co-inventor of the transistor.

Bardeen shared this year's physics prize (worth $98,100) with his former University of Illinois colleagues, Leon N. Cooper, 42, now of Brown University, and John R. Schrieffer, 41, of the University of Pennsylvania. They were honored...

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