Behavior: Four-Walls Treatment

Just as a country's artistic and social institutions usually reflect its particular outlook on life, the kind of psychotherapy that is practiced in a nation often expresses its characteristic philosophy. Morita therapy,* for instance, is a uniquely Japanese creation. Last month many Westerners heard about it for the first time when Psychiatrist Noatake Shinfuku described it at a psychological convention in Tokyo.

The treatment is most often used for a group called the shinkeishitsu (nervous ones), who suffer from anxieties, phobias, obsessional states and hypochondria. Hospitalized for a month or so, a patient spends the first week in an "isolation hell,"...

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