The World: Prize for a German Peacemaker

IN the midst of a heated debate about West Germany's budget one afternoon last week, Bundestag President Kai-Uwe von Hassel suddenly clanged his hand bell and the packed parliament fell silent. A moment later, its members broke into thunderous applause, and deputies on both sides of the aisle rose in a standing ovation. Von Hassel had just announced that Chancellor Willy Brandt was the winner of the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize. Greatly moved, Brandt told the Bundestag that he would do everything "to make myself worthy of this honor."

Brandt, 57, is only the third head of government to win the...

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