The Law: Flunking Job Tests

Two men caught 36 fish. X caught 8 times as many as Y. How many fish did Y catch?

Though many fishermen and most high school graduates could answer "four" in a flash, it was not so easy for 13 black laborers in North Carolina who wanted the Duke Power Co. to promote them to coal handlers. In fact, the company insisted that they take a general intelligence test full of verbal and mathematical puzzles. The men scored low and remained where they were.

Last week the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the test amounted to unlawful racial discrimination. The record showed that...

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