World: The Pros and Cons of Recognition

CHINA'S foreign relations are daily developing," said Defense Minister Lin Piao at this year's National Day celebrations. "We have friends all over the world." That was not an idle boast. Picking up the pieces of its shattered foreign relations in the wake of Mao Tse-tung's convulsive Cultural Revolution, Peking has mounted a skillful diplomatic offensive. Last week, after nearly two years of secret negotiations, Italy and China recognized each other and agreed to establish diplomatic relations. Only three weeks earlier, Peking had reached a similar agreement with Canada.

Both deals were based on...

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