During seven weeks of debate, U.S. Ambassador John A. Scali maneuvered to keep an anti-Israel resolution from coming to a vote in the U.N. Security Council. Inspired by Egypt, the resolution in effect said that Israel's continued occupation of the territories it had won in the Six-Day War was illegal.

Scali argued that passage of the resolution could only exacerbate Middle East tensions, since Israel clearly has no intention of giving up the territories without negotiations with the Arab states. Despite Scali's efforts, the majority of the council last week endorsed the...

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