FOR WANT OF A NAIL. . .
IF BURGOYNE HAD WON AT SARATOGA
by ROBERT SOBEL
441 pages. Macmillan. $12.95.
At last, justice for John Burgoyne! To descend through history tagged as a fool and tarred with the nickname "Gentleman Johnny" is hard duty for a commander whose ineptitude certainly was no worse than what is customarily thought acceptable, even praiseworthy, in general officers. Burgoyne bears the responsibility for England's defeat at Saratoga during the American Revolution. He planned and executed the campaign of 1777, but this crisis in the struggle between England and...