Religion: Evolution in Spain

When General Francisco Franco and his Nationalists rose in revolution against the Spanish Republic in 1936, many Roman Catholics in Spain welcomed the general as a liberator. The Catholic Church had been badly battered from the left in the turmoil that led up to the civil war: property had been confiscated, parochial schools outlawed, churches and convents burned. After Franco consolidated his power, he put clergy in the pay of the state —a status they had lost under the Republic. The church readily agreed to restore to Franco an old privilege of Spanish monarchs—a virtual veto over the appointment of Spanish...

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