Environment: Pioneering in South Carolina

Does a poverty-stricken area need more industry or more conservation? Last year the usual answer—more industry—seemed obvious to South Carolina boosters. They cheered when West Germany's Badische Anilin-&-Soda Fabrik (B.A.S.F.), one of the world's biggest chemical manufacturers, announced plans to build a $200 million dyestuff and petrochemical complex on an estuary of the state's Port Royal Sound. More than a third of the work force in surrounding Beaufort and Jasper counties earns less than $3,000 a year; the new industry would bring jobs and income in a region where poor blacks and some...

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